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Black History Month

Every Febuary I get really frustrated because it's Black History Month. I
reminds me of just how badly the contributions of Blacks have been looked
over and systematically ignored by the educational system.

In fact, Black History is no more than American History. I was once having
a conversation with a Caucasian Gentleman and he expressed his frustration
with Black History Month also. He stated "It's not fair that we have a
Black History Month and not have" and he began to name several other
ethnicities. After I gave him example after example of historic figures
from every one of those ethnicities he mentioned I than asked him to tell
me something about Black History and the best he could do was say Barack
Obama was the fist Black President.

Now I'm not a history buff and all my answers came from my public school
education. And here's a Guy who grew up in the suburbs that has a very
highly ranked school system. The kind of school system that if you know
someone who lives in that area you'd be tempted to use there address so
your kid could go to school there, Yeah that kinda school system. Yet he
didn't know a thing about Black History. The fact of the matter it simply
isn't thought in schools.

This is really disappointing because knowledge leads to respect and once we
respect each other we could much more easily start to solve our some of
our problems.

Some of the world’s most popular inventions were created by Black People,
dating back to 1820, when Thomas Jennings, believed to be the first Black
inventor to receive a patent, created a more efficient dry cleaning
process. Many years later, Judy W. Reed became the first Black female
inventor with her hand-operated dough kneader and roller. Reed, who was
illiterate, signed the patent with an ‘X.’ Here’s a list of other items
inventions by Black People.

Laserphaco Probe
Year patented: 1986
Inventor: Patricia E. Bath, M.D., (1942–), first woman to chair an
ophthalmology residency program in the United States

A specialized tool and procedure for the removal of cataracts, the
Laserphaco Probe increased the accuracy and results of cataract surgery,
previously performed manually with a mechanical grinder. Created with
highly accurate laser technology, the Laserphaco Probe combines an optical
laser, irrigation system and suction tubes. The laser vaporizes the
cataracts and lens material via a 1-millimeter insertion into the patient’s
eye and a replacement lens is inserted. Its use has helped restore the
sight of several people who had been blinded by cataracts for up to 30
years.

Oil-dripping cup for trains
Year patented: 1872
Inventor: Elijah McCoy (1844–1929)

A fireman/Oilman on the Michigan Central Railroad, Elijah McCoy was
responsible for shoveling coal to keep the locomotive running and for
ensuring that the train was well lubricated. He walked alongside the train,
applying oil to the axles and bearings every few miles. To improve
efficiency and eliminate the frequent stopping, he developed a “lubricating
cup” in 1872 that automatically dripped oil when and where needed. The
“lubricating cup” was so popular that orders for it came in from railroad
companies nationwide. Other inventors tried to sell their own versions of
the device, but most companies preferred “the real McCoy,” ‘giving rise to
the popular American expression meaning the ‘real thing.’

Shoelasting Machine
Year patented: 1883
Inventor: Jan Ernst Matzeliger (1852–1889)

As an apprentice in a shoe factory where he operated a sole-sewing machine,
Jan Ernst Matzeliger was responsible for attaching different parts of a
shoe together. At the time, no machines existed that could attach the upper
part of a shoe to the sole, therefore it had to be done by hand. “Hand
Lasters” were able to produce approximately 50 pairs of shoes a day. In
1882, Matzeliger perfected a shoe lasting machine that was able to complete
150 to 700 pairs of shoes a day. By 1889 the demand of the shoe lasting
machine was overwhelming and The Consolidated Lasting Machine Co. was
formed, where Matzelinger was given huge blocks of stock for his invention.
His machine had revolutionized the entire shoe industry in the U.S. and
around the world.

Gas mask
Year patented: 1912
Inventor: Garrett Morgan (1877–1963)

In 1912, Morgan created a Safety Hood and patented it as a Breathing
Device, which later came to be known as the Gas Mask. Morgan’s Gas Mask
consisted of a hood with two long tubes, one allowing in clean air and the
other allowing the user to exhale air out of the hood. Fire and police
departments across the country began placing orders. With the outbreak of
World War I and the use of poisonous gases, Morgan’s Gas Mask was utilized
by the United States Army, saving the lives of thousands of soldiers.

Computer Inventions
Inventor: Mark Dean, Ph.D. (1957- ), holds three of IBM’s original nine PC
patents and currently holds more than 20 total patents.

After obtaining a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from the
University of Tennessee, a master’s degree in electrical engineering from
Florida Atlantic University and a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from
Stanford, Mark Dean started working at IBM in 1980, where he was a chief
engineer and instrumental in the invention of the Personal Computer (PC).
He was instrumental in helping IBM make changes in areas ranging from the
research and application of systems technology circuits to operating
environments. One of his most recent computer inventions was the production
of the 1-Gigahertz chip, which contains one million transistors and has
nearly limitless potential.

Train-to-station communication system
Year patented: 1887
Inventor: Granville T. Woods (1856–1910) , received 35 patents for
inventions that contributed to the development of the transportation and
communication industries

Granville T. Woods began work in a machine shop at age 10 and studied
electrical and mechanical engineering from 1876 to 1878. Woods received his
first patent in 1884 for a steam boiler furnace. In 1885 he invented a
system called telegraphony, which allowed telegraph lines to carry voice
signals. In 1887 he patented the induction telegraph for sending messages
to and from moving trains. Other inventions for electric railways included
electromechanical and electromagnetic brakes, a wheeled trolley for drawing
power for streetcars from an overhead wires and a safety cutout to prevent
injury from accidental contact with overhead wires. In 1890, with his
brother, Lyates, he also patented emergency braking systems and devices
relating to third-rail power.

The Supersoaker
Year patented: 1991
Inventor: Lonnie G. Johnson (1949- )

After a successful career as an Air Force and NASA scientist, Lonnie G.
Johnson conceived his most famous invention in 1982, when he conducted an
experiment at home on a heat pump that used water instead of Freon and as a
result, his homemade nozzle shot a spray of water across the room. Johnson
and his partner, Bruce D’Andrade, created a workable prototype of the
SuperSoaker® in 1989 which became the world’s first high-performance,
pressurized water gun. They filed for a joint patent, which was granted in
1991, and the SuperSoaker became the number-one selling toy in the country
with more than $200 millions dollars in sales. Overall, Johnson has earned
more than 80 patents, with more than 20 pending. He continues to invent in
the areas of thermo and fluid dynamics, as well as toys.

The Blood Bank
Inventor: Charles Richard Drew M.D. (1904-1950)

Dr. Drew was a medical doctor and surgeon who created the idea of a blood
bank and a system for the long-term preservation of blood plasma. His
doctoral dissertation at Columbia University covered the condition of blood
stored in blood banks and the method of storing blood as plasma to increase
storage life. He later supervised the blood-plasma division of New York
City’s Blood Transfusion Association, which was involved in collecting
blood for the British Army. When America went to war in 1941, Dr. Drew was
named as director of the blood bank for the National Research Council,
collecting blood for the U.S. army and navy, and setting the groundwork for
the Red Cross collecting and banking procedures. The storage of blood in
plasma form has saved many lives since Dr. Drew brought the process forward
in the 1930s.

Crop Rotation Methods; more than 300 uses for the Peanut
George Washington Carver (1864–1943)

George Washington Carver is best known for developing crop rotation methods
that alternated nitrate-producing legumes, such as peanuts and peas with
cotton, which depletes soil of its nutrients. Following Carver’s lead,
southern farmers soon began planting peanuts one year and cotton the next.
While many of the peanuts were used to feed livestock, large surpluses
quickly developed. Carver then developed more than 300 different uses for
the extra peanuts, from cooking oil to printer’s ink. When he discovered
that the sweet potato and the pecan also enriched depleted soils, Carver
found more than 100 uses for sweet potatoes and about 75 for pecans,
including synthetic rubber and material for paving highways.

Potato Chips
George Crum (1822-1914)

Chef George Crum spent the summer of 1853 working at the Moon Lake Lodge
resort in Saratoga Springs, N.Y., where thickly cut, French fried potatoes
were a popular menu item. When a customer complained that their fries were
too thick to eat and sent them back to the kitchen, Crum became agitated
and reacted by slicing the potatoes as thin as he possibly could, frying
them and sending the crunchy brown chips back out to the guest. The guest
loved the crisps and other guests began asking for them as well. They soon
gained popularity and were called Crum’s Saratoga Chips. In 1860, when Crum
opened his own restaurant, Crumbs House, each table came with a basket of
potato chips. Crum never patented or attempted to distribute his potato
chips, but has been credited as the creator of the widely popular snack.

Even this list just scratches the surface of historic achievements by black
people. Here a few more examples of Historic Black People.

Do you know?
John W. Thompson the Chairman of Microsoft?
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_W._Thompson

Do you know?
Charles D. King the CEO of MACRO, the multi-platform media company founded
in 2015. CHARLES a Hollywood Heavyweight.
https://youtu.be/OEaNSRT-OJs

Do you know?
Darren Walker is a nonprofit executive who serves as president of the Ford
Foundation.
https://www.fordfoundation.org/people/darren-walker/

Do you know?
Edward T. Welburn Automobile Designer and General Motors' Vice President of
Global Design from 2003 to 2016. To date, he has held the highest-ranking
position as an African American in the automotive industry
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_T._Welburn

Do you know?
David Carl Drummond. Attorney and Businessman.
Currently he serves as senior vice president of corporate development for
Alphabet. He previously served as senior vice president of corporate
development and chief legal officer of Google.
https://www.capitalg.com/expert/david-drummond/

As you can see Black People have had a intrical part of the development of
our country and the enhancement of all our lives. I only wish more people
were thought about our contributions. Honesty I can't wait for the day
people realize Black History is American History and should be taught in
school. Until than, welcome to Black History Month. I hope you learned
something you didn't know.

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